Les Garrigues
 

  Agriculture
The economy is clearly agrarian-based (agriculture employing 48.7% of the population). In 1989 45,060 ha were given over to agriculture, 87% of which were unirrigated lands. The principal crop is the olive (almost in its totality unirrigated), which has been protected since 1975 by a denomination of origin label, Les Borges Blanques. Despite the fact that exploitation is encouraged (17,137 ha in 1989), and that Les Garrigues is Catalonia's most important producer of olive oil, the industry is not prospering. This has meant that in recent years almond cultivation (15, 032 ha in 1989) has increased to the point where it is now the second most important crop in the area. Both activities form the basis for the economy of many towns and villages in the county, such as L'Albagés, L'Albi, Bovera, Cervià, La Granadella, El Cogul, Juncosa, La Pobla de Cérvoles, Sileràs, Vinaixa, Castelldans and Els Torms. Cereals (6,295 ha) and vines (1,115 ha) are the other important unirrigated crops — they are however in decline, in spite of the fact that in the east of the county the wine-growing is protected by the Costers del Segre denomination of origin label (subzone Garrigues). Irrigated farmland - taking up 12,796 ha (1981) and with the production of fruit (2, 569 ha) predominating - is located in the most fertile part of the Urgell Canal. It is of particular importance in the settlements of L'Arbeca and Borges Blanques, and is the only economic activity in Juneda and Puiggròs. Livestock farming is particularly important in the irrigated farming areas. The farms are intensive, with poultry farming (2,783,000 head in 1989), pig farming (184, 310 head) and the breeding of veal calves (11,000 of the total of 12,290 head of cattle) being particularly important.
   


  Les Garrigues
 
 


 
  

  
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